In previous post, I briefly discussed about the OAuth Tokens and SharePoint 2013 Authentication & Authorization. We know that there are couple of tokens, namely Context-Token and Refresh-Token are involved in the life-cycle of SharePoint 2013 App Authentication and Authorization. These tokens are not exactly the SAML 1.1 tokens and they are bit different. The whole intend of this article is to inspect and understand what these tokens are.
In this article I would be creating a sample Auto-Hosted App, inside the page_load of the App-web project (of auto-hosted app) I would be adding some snippet of code to inspect and fetch the OAuth Context Token and Refresh Token.
Let’s create a sample Auto-Hosted App in Visual Studio 2012 with name ‘TestAppforOAuth’,
Open the default.aspx.cs of the AppWeb Project
Import the following namespaces at the top of the project
In the Page_Load method add the following snippet of code
string contextTokenString =
if (contextTokenString != null)
SharePointContextToken contextToken =
Response.Write("<h2>Valid context token</h2>");
"<p>" + contextToken.ToString() + "</p>");
Uri sharepointUrl = new
string accessToken =
Response.Write("<h2>Valid access token
Response.Write("<p>" + accessToken + "</p>");
HttpWebRequest request =
request.Headers.Add("Authorization", "Bearer " +
HttpWebResponse response =
StreamReader reader = new
Response.Write("<h2>Web title retrieved using
Response.Write("<p>" + reader.ReadToEnd() + "</p>");
Configure the Tenant level Read Permission for the App.
Hit F5, Deploy the app and trust it. If we inspect the Tokens these are not SAML, they are what they call it as JWT Tokens.
Subscribe to my blog
The OAuth is the new buzz in the world of SharePoint 2013 App development. Just to remember, OAuth is not the protocol for authenticating users to access SharePoint. It would still be done by Claims Authentication. The OAuth comes into picture when we want to authenticate and authorize SharePoint 2013 Apps.
I’ll start with some briefing on OAuth and the key concepts that we need to understand about OAuth. OAuth is the internet protocol for creating and managing app identity. It is also a cross-platform mechanism for authentication and authorizing apps. The OAuth is also the emerging internet standard which is used by Facebook, Twitter and Google.
OAuth gives the power and flexibility of having app identity in addition to the user identity. Here are the some pointers about App Identity
- App should be granted permissions independently of user permission
- App can request specific permission from the user during installation
- App can be granted more permission than the user (Elevation)
- App is constrained to what it can do during and after installation
Here are some important concepts around OAuth
1. Content Owner – User who grants permission to content in a site
2. Client App – This is the remote App (running on a Cloud or Hosted environment) that needs permission to Site Content . In our case it is SharePoint 2013 App
3. Content Server – The web server that serves the content to be accessed by App. In our case it is SharePoint 2013 Server (Cloud or On-Premise)
4. Authentication Server – Trusted server that authenticates apps and creates oAuth tokens. In our case it is Azure ACS server or oAuth compatible authentication server
Let’s see what is happening in each step in the above picture.
Step 1 –> The user accesses the SharePoint 2013 portal and SharePoint 2013 authenticates the user using Claims Authentication
Step 2 –> SharePoint 2013 requests for the Context Token for the user, from Windows Azure ACS (Access Control Services)
Step 3 –> ACS returns Context Token
Step 4 –> SharePoint 2013 passes the Context Token to the user
Step 5 –> User accesses App using Context Token
Step 6 –> Client App pulls Refresh Token from the Context Token and requests ACS for oAuthToken
Step 7 –> ACS server returns OAuth token to the client app
Step 8 –> Client App makes CSOM/REST calls to SharePoint site by passing OAuth Token
Step 9 –> SharePoint 2013 returns site content to App based on the App Permission Manifests
Step 10 –> Client App returns the App Content to the user
Subscribe to my blog